Category: BurntCitrus Notebooks

The Rise of the European Far-Right in the Internet Age

The five-part series draws historical lines between fascism in Mussolini’s Italy, Spain’s Falangism, and neo-fascist youth movements in Europe today. While most historians rightfully delineate historical fascism from neo-fascist groups today, we can still certainly identify fascist tendencies that apply more broadly. Although there is no “fascist checklist,” or a fascist minimum for that matter,

Review of “The Prado: Spanish Culture and Leisure, 1819-1939”

Eugenia Afinoguénova’s The Prado: Spanish Culture and Leisure, 1819-1939 is a book that tells the history of Spain’s long nineteenth century and the tension between the aristocracy of old, the Bourbon dynasty, and the ways everyday Spaniards negotiated liberalism in that century. As historian Adrian Shubert points out in his A Social History of Modern Spain (Routledge, 1996), between

Review of “Arresting Development: Comics at the Boundaries of Literature”

hristopher Pizzino begins Arresting Development: Comics at the Boundaries of Literature with the premise that even though news stories have proclaimed the arrival of comics as legitimate literature for more than thirty years, comics are still a marginalized medium that resists legitimation, and will be for the foreseeable future. Pizzino argues, “while comics are less reviled now